To confirm, evaluate and treat a disease, physicians need to perform clinical examinations of patients – wherein textual knowledge (aptopadesa), direct perception (pratyaksha) and inference (anumana) are all very important components. The examination of patients can be carried out in the following manners:
Three (Tri) fold (Bidha) Examination (Pariksha)
Covers a general examination of the patient.
Visual observation (Darshan)
Tactile perception (Sparsha)